Quartz, Mechanical, and Automatic: The 3 Types of Watch Movement | Lapizta Racing Watches and Luxury Sports Watches

Quartz, Mechanical, and Automatic: The 3 Types of Watch Movement

Quartz, Mechanical, and Automatic: The 3 types of watch movement

There are many types of watches but only three kinds of movement. Quartz, mechanical, and automatic motions are at the core of what powers a timepiece. Each variety has been around for quite some time, but only one can claim to be the most accurate while the others focus on traditional design. Quartz watches are durable, powered by quartz crystals and electricity; they are also the most accurate. Mechanical watches run on the energy generated from a wound mainspring, whereas an automatic watch functions via kinetic energy. 

Quartz - Always on time

A quartz watch is the most accurate watch in the world. It is always right and never requires the maintenance of winding. This watch is so popular and durable it almost forced the Swiss watch industry into oblivion in the 1960s. As the name suggests, this watch runs on a quartz crystal. Every watch has an oscillator, or a directing source, and this type of watch has one with a synthetic quartz crystal that vibrates when it receives an electrical charge generated by the battery. All movement is battery operated and the design can be streamlined as a result of the pared down mechanics, meaning you can choose from big face watches or sleeker selections. A quartz watch is durable and can withstand physical challenges without breaking, unlike an automatic or mechanical watch.

Mechanical – Wind up tightly

The watch industry pivots on the popularity of this skillfully designed timepiece. There are numerous components to create the movement of time calculations. Some of the parts include main springs, crowns, and the balance wheel as an oscillator. The mainspring, wound up via the crown, powers movement while the escapement and balance wheel act as an oscillator. Movement is fueled by the winding spring, which turns the gears. A quartz watch does not require any upkeep, but a mechanical one requires maintenance. One must oil and clean it to keep the timepiece functioning well.

Automatic – For daily use

An automatic watch has more similarities to a mechanical watch than a durable quartz timepiece. First, it has a rotator, which acts as an oscillator. The movement is generated from the physical movement, or kinetic energy, of the wearer. As a result, if it’s not worn in a while, this watch will need to be wound to keep accurate time. An automatic timepiece is ideal for daily use since it runs on kinetic motion generated from the knob and/or body movement. Unlike the mechanical watch, an automatic watch cannot be overwound, which impairs the rotator and impacts proper time calculation.


A quartz watch allows the wearer to do away with maintenance and care. A warrior athlete can race boats, climb mountains, and seize the day with durable racing watches that play an essential role in time calculations. Quartz movement loses very little energy throughout the year and is large preferred by women, as it requires no upkeep other than a battery change every three to five years. Ninety-five percent of luxury sports watches have quartz movement for its liberating accuracy.

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